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1964 Tokyo Olympic Games
202px-Tokyo 1964 Summer Olympics logo
Official logo

City

Tokyo, Japan

Venue

Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium

Team Gold Medalist

USSR

All-Around Gold Medalist

Věra Čáslavská (TCH)

Vault Gold Medalist

Věra Čáslavská (TCH)

Uneven Bars Gold Medalist

Polina Astakhova (USSR)

Balance Beam Gold Medalist

Věra Čáslavská (TCH)

Floor Exercise

Larisa Latynina (USSR)

Preceded by

1960 Rome Olympic Games

Succeeded by

1968 Mexico City Olympic Games

The 1964 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVIII Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in Tokyo, Japan in 1964. Tokyo had been awarded the organization of the 1940 Summer Olympics, but this honor was subsequently passed to Helsinki because of Japan's invasion of China, before ultimately being canceled because of World War II. The 1964 Summer Games were the first Olympics held in Asia, and the first time South Africa was barred from taking part due to its apartheid system in sports. These games were also the first to be telecast internationally without the need for tapes to be flown overseas as in the case of the 1960 Olympics four years earlier.

Tokyo would also host the World Championships in 2011.

Format of Competition

The scoring in all the events was basically the same, as for gymnastics events at the 1960 Summer Olympics. Each country was allowed to enter a team of eight gymnasts, but in contrast to the previous Olympics not more than six of them were allowed to participate in all exercises. Nations with incomplete teams, could enter one to three gymnasts for the individual competition. Six best gymnasts on the apparatus in the team competition (by sum of two scores - for compulsory and optional routine) qualified for that apparatus finals. The new feature of the competition was in women's events: each of them was judged by four judges. The highest and lowest marks were dropped and an average of two remaining marks constituted the score.

The scoring in the team competition was different from the one at the previous Olympics, its principle became the same: five best scores constituted the team's score for the routine; these scores constituted the overall team's totals.

Competition Schedule

August 29 Compulsory Round
August 31 Optional Round
September 2 All-Around
September 8 Vault Event Final
September 9 Uneven Bars Event Final
September 10 Balance Beam Event Final
September 11 Floor Exercise Event Final

Results

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Team Flag of the Soviet Union USSR

Polina Astakhova
Ludmila Gromova
Larisa Latynina
Tamara Manina
Elena Volchetskaya
Tamara Zamotaylova

Flag of the Czech Republic Czechoslovakia

Věra Čáslavská
Marianna Krajčírová
Jana Posnerová
Hana Růžičková
Jaroslava Sedláčková
Adolfína Tkačíková

Flag of Japan Japan

Toshiko Aihara
Ginko Chiba
Keiko Tanaka
Taniko Nakamura
Kiyoko Ono
Hiroko Tsuji

All-Around Flag of the Czech Republic Věra Čáslavská
Czechoslovakia (TCH)
Flag of the Soviet Union Larisa Latynina
Soviet Union (USSR)
Flag of the Soviet Union Polina Astakhova
Soviet Union (USSR)
Vault Flag of the Czech Republic Věra Čáslavská
Czechoslovakia (TCH)
Flag of the Soviet Union Larisa Latynina
Soviet Union (USSR)

Flag of Germany Birgit Radochla
Germany (EUA)

N/A
Uneven Bars Flag of the Soviet Union Polina Astakhova
Soviet Union (USSR)
Flag of Hungary Katalin Makray
Hungary (HUN)
Flag of the Soviet Union Larisa Latynina
Soviet Union (USSR)
Balance Beam Flag of the Czech Republic Věra Čáslavská
Czechoslovakia (TCH)
Flag of the Soviet Union Tamara Manina
Soviet Union (USSR)
Flag of the Soviet Union Larisa Latynina
Soviet Union (USSR)
Floor Exercise Flag of the Soviet Union Larisa Latynina
Soviet Union (USSR)
Flag of the Soviet Union Polina Astakhova
Soviet Union (USSR)
Flag of Hungary Anikó Ducza
Hungary (HUN)

Notable Moments

  • Czechoslovakia's Věra Čáslavská became the second gymnast to follow a World All-Around title with and Olympic All-Around title, after Larisa Latynina.
  • USSR's Larisa Latynina set a World record of most Olympic medals won, with 18 total. This record stood until 2012, when American swimmer Michael Phelps won 22 medals in three Olympics. Latynina also became the first gymnast to medal in three consecutive Olympics and the first gymnast to win three straight Olympic titles on a single event (floor exercise).

Medal Count

Rank Country Gold-medal Silver-medal Bronze-medal Total
1 Flag of the Soviet Union USSR 3 4 3 10
2 Flag of the Czech Republic Czechoslovakia 3 1 0 4
3 Flag of Hungary Hungary 0 1 1 2
4 Flag of Germany Germany 0 1 0 1
5 Flag of Japan Japan 0 0 1 1

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