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1976 Montreal Olympic Games

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1976 Montreal Olympic Games
191px-Montreal 1976 Summer Olympics logo
Official logo

City

Montreal, Canada

Venue

Montreal Forum

Team Gold Medalist

USSR

All-Around Gold Medalist

Nadia Comăneci (ROU)

Vault Gold Medalist

Nellie Kim (USSR)

Uneven Bars Gold Medalist

Nadia Comăneci (ROU)

Balance Beam Gold Medalist

Nadia Comăneci (ROU)

Floor Exercise Gold Medalist

Nellie Kim (USSR)

Preceded by

1972 Munich Olympic Games

Succeeded by

1980 Moscow Olympic Games

The 1976 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXI Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event celebrated in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, in 1976. Montreal was awarded the rights to the 1976 Games on May 12, 1970, at the 69th IOC Session in Amsterdam, over the bids of Moscow and Los Angeles, which later hosted the 1980 and 1984 Summer Olympic Games respectively. These were the first Olympic Games held in Canada, preceding the 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary and 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver.

At the 1976 Summer Olympics, fourteen different artistic gymnastics events were contested, eight for men and six for women. All events were held at the Montreal Forum in Montreal from July 18 through 23rd.

Montreal would also host the World Championships in 1985.

Format of Competition

The gymnastics competition at the 1976 Summer Olympics was carried out in three stages:

  • Competition I - The team competition/qualification round in which all gymnasts, including those who were not part of a team, performed both compulsory and optional exercises. The combined scores of all team members determined the final score of the team. The thirty-six overall highest scoring gymnasts qualified to the individual all-around competition. The six highest scoring gymnasts on each apparatus qualified to the final for that apparatus.
  • Competition II - The individual all-around competition, in which those who qualified from Competition I performed exercises on each apparatus. The final score of each gymnast was composed of half the points earned by that gymnast during Competition I and all of the points earned by her in Competition II.
  • Competition III - The apparatus finals, in which those who qualified during Competition I performed an exercise on the individual apparatus on which she had qualified. The final score of each gymnast was composed of half the points earned by that gymnast on that particular apparatus during Competition I and all of the points earned by her on that particular apparatus in Competition III.

For the first time in Olympic competition, countries were limited to having three gymnasts in the all-around competition and two-gymnasts in each apparatus final. This was a controversial decision, which prevented many gymnasts of strong teams (like the USSR) from competing in the finals. In addition, for the first time the number countries allowed to bring full teams of six gymnasts and compete in the team competition was limited to twelve. The results of the team competition at the previous world championships determined which countries were allowed to bring teams.

Results

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Team Flag of the Soviet Union USSR

Maria Filatova
Svetlana Grozdova
Nellie Kim
Olga Korbut
Elvira Saadi
Ludmilla Tourischeva

Flag of Romania Romania

Nadia Comăneci
Mariana Constantin
Georgeta Gabor
Anca Grigoraş
Gabriela Truşcă
Teodora Ungureanu

Flag of East Germany East Germany

Carola Dombeck
Gitta Escher
Kerstin Gerschau
Angelika Hellmann
Marion Kische
Steffi Kraker

All-Around Flag of Romania Nadia Comăneci
Romania (ROU)
Flag of the Soviet Union Nellie Kim
Soviet Union (USSR)
Flag of the Soviet Union Ludmilla Tourischeva
Soviet Union (USSR)
Vault Flag of the Soviet Union Nellie Kim
Soviet Union (USSR)
Flag of the Soviet Union Ludmilla Tourischeva
Soviet Union (USSR)

Flag of East Germany Carola Dombeck
East Germany (GDR)

N/A
Uneven Bars Flag of Romania Nadia Comăneci
Romania (ROU)
Flag of Romania Teodora Ungureanu
Romania (ROU)
Flag of Hungary Marta Egervari
Hungary (HUN)
Balance Beam Flag of Romania Nadia Comăneci
Romania (ROU)
Flag of the Soviet Union Olga Korbut
Soviet Union (USSR)
Flag of Romania Teodora Ungureanu
Romania (ROU)
Floor Exercise Flag of the Soviet Union Nellie Kim
Soviet Union (USSR)
Flag of the Soviet Union Ludmilla Tourischeva
Soviet Union (USSR)
Flag of Romania Nadia Comăneci
Romania (ROU)

Notable Moments

  • Romania's Nadia Comaneci scored the first perfect ten in Olympic history, during the compulsory round. Comaneci would go on to score six more perfect tens in Montreal.
  • Nine perfect tens were scored at these Olympics, seven by Comaneci, and two by USSR's Nellie Kim.

Medal Count

Rank Country Gold-medal Silver-medal Bronze-medal Total
1 Flag of the Soviet Union USSR 3 4 1 8
2 Flag of Romania Romania 3 2 2 7
3 Flag of East Germany East Germany 0 1 1 2
4 Flag of Hungary Hungary 0 0 1 1

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