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1984 Los Angeles Olympics
210px-Los Angeles 1984 Summer Olympics Logo
Official logo

City

Los Angeles, USA

Venue

UCLA's Pauley Pavilion

Team Gold Medalist

Romania

All-Around Gold Medalist

Mary Lou Retton (USA)

Vault Gold Medalist

Ecaterina Szabo (ROU)

Uneven Bars Gold Medalist

Julianne McNamara (USA)
Ma Yanhong (CHN)

Balance Beam Gold Medalist

Simona Păucă (ROU)
Ecaterina Szabo (ROU)

Floor Exercise Gold Medalist

Ecaterina Szabo (ROU)

Preceded by

1980 Moscow Olympic Games

Succeeded by

1988 Seoul Olympic Games

The 1984 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIII Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in Los Angeles, California, United States in 1984. When Tehran, the only other interested city on the international level, declined to bid due to the concurrent Iranian political and social changes the IOC awarded Los Angeles the Games by default. This was the second occasion Los Angeles hosted the games; it previously hosted in 1932.

In response to the American-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, 14 Eastern Bloc countries including the Soviet Union, Cuba and East Germany (but not Romania) boycotted the Games. For differing reasons, Iran and Libya also boycotted. The USSR announced its intention not to participate on May 8, 1984, citing security concerns and "chauvinistic sentiments and an anti-Soviet hysteria being whipped up in the United States." Despite the boycott, the Los Angeles Olympic Games attracted a then-record 140 participating nations, and 60 more than those attending the Moscow games four years earlier, which had experienced a far wider international boycott. However, the Los Angeles boycott influenced a large number of events that were normally dominated by the absent countries. Boycotting countries organized another large event in June–September 1984, called the Friendship Games; however, not even a single competition was held between July 28 and August 12. Representatives of the organizing countries, in particular the USSR, underlined it was "not held to replace the Olympics". Elite athletes from the U.S. and USSR would only compete against each other at the 1986 Goodwill Games in Moscow, organized in response to the boycotts.

Format of Competition

The artistic gymnastics competition at the 1984 Summer Olympics was carried out in three stages:

  • Competition I - The team competition/qualification round in which all gymnasts, including those who were not part of a team, performed both compulsory and optional exercises. The combined scores of all team members determined the final score of the team. The thirty-six highest scoring gymnasts in the all-around qualified to the individual all-around competition. The six highest scoring gymnasts on each apparatus qualified to the final for that apparatus.
  • Competition II - The individual all-around competition, in which those who qualified from Competition I performed exercises on each apparatus. The final score of each gymnast was composed of half the points earned by that gymnast during Competition I and all of the points earned by her in Competition II.
  • Competition III - The apparatus finals, in which those who qualified during Competition I performed an exercise on the individual apparatus on which she had qualified. The final score of each gymnast was composed of half the points earned by that gymnast on that particular apparatus during Competition I and all of the points earned by her on that particular apparatus in Competition III.

Each country was limited to three gymnasts in the all-around final and two gymnasts in each apparatus final.

Results

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Team Flag of Romania Romania

Lavinia Agache
Laura Cutina
Cristina Grigoraş
Simona Păucă
Mihaela Stănuleţ
Ecaterina Szabo

Flag of the United States of America USA

Pam Bileck
Michelle Dusserre
Kathy Johnson
Julianne McNamara
Mary Lou Retton
Tracee Talavera

Flag of China China

Chen Yongyan
Huang Qun
Ma Yanhong
Wu Jiani
Zhou Ping
Zhou Qiurui

All-Around Flag of the United States of America Mary Lou Retton
United States of America (USA)
Flag of Romania Ecaterina Szabo
Romania (ROU)
Flag of Romania Simona Păucă
Romania (ROU)
Vault Flag of Romania Ecaterina Szabo
Romania (ROU)
Flag of the United States of America Mary Lou Retton
United States of America (USA)
Flag of Romania Lavinia Agache
Romania (ROU)
Uneven Bars Flag of the United States of America Julianne McNamara
United States of America (USA)

Flag of China Ma Yanhong
China (CHN)

N/A Flag of the United States of America Mary Lou Retton
United States of America (USA)
Balance Beam Flag of Romania Simona Păucă
Romania (ROU)

Flag of Romania Ecaterina Szabo
Romania (ROU)

N/A Flag of the United States of AmericaKathy Johnson
United States of America (USA)
Floor Exercise Flag of Romania Ecaterina Szabo
Romania (ROU)
Flag of the United States of America Julianne McNamara
United States of America (USA)
Flag of the United States of America Mary Lou Retton
United States of America (USA)

Notable Moments

  • USA's Mary Lou Retton became the first American gymnast and first gymnast outside the Eastern Bloc to win the all-around.
  • Seventeen perfect tens were scored at these Olympics, five by USA's Julianne McNamara, four by Romania's Ecaterina Szabo, four by Retton, three by China's Ma Yanhong, and one by Romania's Simona Pauca.

Medal Count

Rank Country Gold-medal Silver-medal Bronze-medal Total
1 Flag of Romania Romania 5 1 2 8
2 Flag of the United States of America USA 2 3 3 8
3 Flag of China China 1 0 1 2

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