Maria Gorokhovskaya
Gorokhovskaya at the 1952 Olympic Games

Full name

Maria Kondratyevna Gorokhovskaya

Country represented

Flag of the Soviet Union USSR


October 17, 1921
Yevpatoria, Crimea, Ukranian SSR, USSR


July 22, 2001 (aged 79)

Current status


Maria Kondratyevna Gorokhovskaya (Russian: Мария Кондратьевна Гороховская, Ukrainian: Марія Кіндратівна Гороховська; October 17, 1921 in Yevpatoria – July 22, 2001 in Tel Aviv) was a Ukrainian (formerly Soviet) gymnast. At the 1952 Summer Olympics, she won seven medals, the most medals won by any woman in a single Olympics.

Competing for Stroityel Kharkov, Gorokhovskaya won her first USSR title on the balance beam in 1948. She came to the Helsinki Olympics as the twofold national champion. Soviet gymnastics had never competed at major international tournaments before, and it was the first Olympics in which the country participated.

The Soviet gymnasts dominated the competition, with Gorokhovskaya leading them. In all four individual apparatus events – the balance beam, floor exercise, the vault and the uneven bars, where she became the first to permorm a back tucked dismount – Gorokhovskaya finished second. This performance earned her the gold medal in the all-around competition, finishing ahead of team-mate Nina Bocharova by eight tenths of a point. With seven of the eight Soviet gymnasts finishing in the top ten, it was clear that the team gold medal would go to them. Gorokhovskaya won her seventh medal in the now discontinued team exercise with portable apparatus, where the Soviet team finished second behind Sweden.

Gorokhovskaya made one more international appearance as a part of the winning Soviet team at the 1954 World Championships, and retired afterwards. She then worked as a judge (international since 1964) and a lecturer.

In 1990, she emigrated to Israel. In 1991 Maria was inducted into the International Jewish Sports Hall Of Fame.

Medal Count

1948USSR Championships 3rd1st
1949USSR Championships3rd3rd
1950USSR Championships2nd2nd
1951USSR Championships2nd2nd1st
1952 Helsinki Olympic Games 1st 2nd 1st 2nd 2nd 2nd 2nd
1953USSR Championships1st1st
1954Rome World Championships1st
USSR Championships2nd2nd
1955USSR Cup5

Olympic All-Around Champions
Maria GorokhovskayaLarisa LatyninaVěra ČáslavskáLudmilla TourischevaNadia ComăneciElena DavydovaMary Lou RettonElena ShushunovaTatiana GutsuLilia PodkopayevaAndreea Răducan* Simona AmânarCarly PattersonNastia LiukinGabby DouglasSimone Biles

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